Artificial intelligence, robotics and precision medicine are all set to transform the delivery of health care. These developments will also raise new issues for health law and bioethics. This paper analyses evolving understandings of health and health care in the context of these new technologies. It explores the impact of contemporary developments in health care technology for key concepts such as autonomy, vulnerability, and privacy. Finally, the paper considers the contributions that health law and bioethics can make to debates about technology and the implications of advances in technology for the future development of health law and bioethics.