In his books Sapiens and Homo Deus, Yuval develops his thesis that humans have succeeded as a species because groups of people with language and abstract thought developed shared stories that enabled them to live together in larger groups than was possible for the great apes.
Broadly the stories fell into three groups:
I would argue that what he is describing here is culture, and that ethics is not only culture bound but an inherent feature of a particular culture.
For this presentation I want to demonstrate the utility of this hypothesis in considering two current ethical debates; Euthanasia and Gun Control.
This hypothesis determines that the goal is to work out how people who disagree (who have different cultural views on an issue) can live together.
Relevant questions are: